Traumatic brain injury can be caused by a number of factors such as falling, motor vehicle accidents, being struck by a moving object, violent attacks, military combat, and sports injuries. In the United States, approximately 1.7 million people get a brain injury each year; 50,000 of those individuals will die from the injury and 80,000 will experience permanent disabilities. A brain injury occurs when there is an impact to the head or when an object penetrates the brain, such as a bullet or shrapnel. A brain injury occurs when the brain hits against the skull or is cut by an object leading to bleeding, swelling, or tearing in the brain.
In some cases, a brain injury can result from medical malpractice. Medical malpractice is when poor medical care results in harm to the patient. If a medical practitioner, such as a doctor, nurse, or other medical professional, acts incompetently and subsequent injuries occur, there is a case of medical malpractice due to negligence. While state law regarding medical malpractice varies, a medical professional can be held liable if they either fail to provide care within a reasonable standard of care or act with negligence.